We’re going to be talking about resins and epoxies. So, first off today, we’re going to be looking at a lot of different e here. And this is really only scratching the surface of different variabilities and different types out there. And I’m not going to be able to cover everything about is in here. I’m just going to take you through what I commonly use and what is going to be commonly used in a woodshop. I’m going to try and leave links to all of the epoxy that I use down in the description below. So if you see something you like hop on down there and take a look at it. Now, first off, I’m going to start by giving you a little bit of disclaimer, here I am not an epoxy expert. There are people out there who devote their lives to this. And even then there are so many different variations and different capabilities and different mixtures that sometimes that can be, um, well, a lot of information. Still, be sure to check out a list of the best epoxy resin for wood before you start.

Let’s Talk About Products

So first let’s talk about your simple five minute epoxy. You’ll find this at any big box store and these ones are really great for when you just need a little bit of a box. You just need to connect two pieces together. Uh, and this is easy because it’s one plunger that pushes out both part a and part B and equal amounts. So you can squeeze it out, grab a toothpick or a Popsicle stick and mix it up quickly. If ever I have a piece splinter off and I want to reconnect it, this is probably what I’m going to be grabbing.

It’s just five minutes so I can clamp it in place five minutes later, come back and continue working. The other nice thing about these. As you can get them in just about any time ratio, 10 minutes, 25 minutes, 30 minutes an hour, you can get them super clear. You can get them flexible. And so if you have something that, you know, you’re working with plastic or something, it just needs a little bit more holding power, or it needs to be a little more flexible. You can get these in just about any type or ratio you want. And I probably have four or five different types, but the most common ones I use are just the simple, clear five minute epoxy. Then there’s the next step up when you need something a little bit more, you need a holding power. You need basically an actual glue rather than just a quick fix.

A very quick epoxy you just mixing equal parts

You just have to make sure you put a little bit of this, a little bit of this. Don’t worry about being exact. Just make a pile on this one and make a pile of this one. It’s about the same size, mix them together with a toothpick or a Popsicle stick. And you’re good to go. Now, normally, when I’m mixing these, I’m going to put out a piece of tape on the bench and I’ll squirt those under the tape and I’ll mix them up on the tape. And that way, when I’m done, I just peel up the tape and throw it away. And it’s very quick and easy way to mix up just a little bit. And these particular bottles will usually last a year or two.

Um, and very rarely do I ever go through an entire bottle, but it’s like 10 bucks total. Uh, they’re, they’re relatively cheap and it’s good stuff. Next. We’re going to start getting into some other apox seas that are a little bit different. Um, and you’ll see, I have quite a bit from total boat. They have a huge, huge variety of proxies. And about half of the epoxy is a hand on hand come from total boat because they are well, they’re one of the best epoxy mixer makers out there. They make all different kinds for all different purposes. And the ones I’m showing you here are just the scratch, the surface, this one I like because it is very quick and it’s very easy. If ever I have a large structural connection to make, this is what I’m going to grab. Now, the nice thing about this, it’s a, it is a very, very thick, uProxy a very, very strong apox.

And this is designed for boat timbers, things that are going to be in the saltwater

They’re going to be in a moist environment. They’re going to be needing to be structural. This is what you want for it. The other nice thing about this is it’s very thick. It has a good gap filling capability to it. So if the joints aren’t perfectly perfect, this will hold up. And the nice thing about this is it’s actually a cock tube. There’s, there’s two different chambers in here with part a and part B. And when you push this, it pushes out equal amounts through this tip, and you can screw on an applicator tip here that will actually mix them together. So you don’t have to be mixing it on the floor. You just put this in here and you pump it out to where you want it just like in a cock gun.

Now, these tips are only one use, so you’re going to need to get a bag of them. But these, once you put the cap back on, they will stay for a long time in woodworking. I’ve only had a couple opportunities to use this one, but if ever I’m doing a large outdoor joinery item, this is what I’m going to be grabbing. It fills gaps. It goes in large spaces. It pumps out quick and easy. It’s just a great, great glue to have on hand. I want to talk about these next two together. We have the West system of poxy and we have total boat, high performance. These are your structural glues. These are the glues that are, are incredibly powerful. If you want to put two joints together and never pulled them apart, this is what you use. These are so structural that back when I was building a four seat airplane, we were building a four seat, 200 mile an hour airplane out of fiberglass and resin.

West System of epoxy – an incredibly strong poxy with known parameters

It has this much strength and it is very, very good for anytime you have a structural member, anything you’re going to be trusting your life to these structural proxies of what you want. West system is the more tried and true older method. And so a lot of people really trust it because it’s known the total boat is a little bit newer. And so it’s a little less known, but a lot of the tests that I’ve seen in the information showing that this is actually a little bit stronger, a little bit powerful, a little bit longer lasting, um, and a little bit better glue now for the woodworker. You’re generally not going to use this. I know a lot of woodworkers who will get one set of one or the other, and it will last them for 10 years.

Uh, they, they will sit there and work for a long, long time. Uh, the pumps were out before the epoxy itself goes bad and with the West system as well, they also have their own pumps. I haven’t opened up these yet because I’m almost out of my West system. And as soon as I’m done with that, and I’m gonna put my pumps into the total boat and be experimenting with that more. But for most woodworkers, one of these two sets will last you for just about ever. Now, one of the things with the West system, the one Oh five resin, you then mix in a hardner. So one pump of this equals one pump of this and the hardner then comes with two different variants. There’s a slow, harder, and a fast, harder. And so with the slow Hartner, you have a bout a couple hours until it sets with these slow, harder, harder.

24 Hours Later

You come back, and that has said, and then you can kind of mix and match. So if you put two pumps in the resonant, you can put one pump of the slow and one pump of the heart, and you can get a speed that’s halfway in between the two. And so it gives you a lot of flexibility with that. The only downside is if you are going to be mixing in color, you have to know that the hardeners have a slightly different tint to them. So the fast, harder is actually a little bit more yellow, whereas the slow Hartner is a little more clear. So if you’re mixing in a blue pigment and you use the fast Hartner, you’re probably gonna end up with a green tint, which actually provides a really nice aquamarine. These give you a lot of flexibility. And so anytime you’re doing something with a structural member, then you need a glue.

Particularly if it’s going to be outside, these are the ones to use. Okay. Now let’s talk about something a little bit different. These are penetrating a proxies. They are a little bit slower epoxy. They are very, very watery and comparison. And what these intend to do is they tend, tend to soak into the wood most apox. These are just going to sit on the surface or just get into the top few fibers. These will actually get down into the wood. And in some cases we’ll get down about an eighth inch or more so they can stabilize the outside surface. So if you ever have a punky wood that has some soft spart parts on it, and you want to keep this wood, it looks cool, but anytime you bump into it, you’re going to be digging it, put a coat of penetrating a poxy on there, and it will soak down into those fibers and stabilize them from the outside.

For Outdoor Use

And so a lot of times, if I’m working outdoors, if I’m making an outdoor table, I’m going to coat the entire table and penetrating epoxy and seal the outside. That way, water can’t get down into it. And then I can put a varnish or a lacquer on top of that to give my finish a penetrating, a poxy is a great way to stabilize punky wood or to seal woods. So that absolutely no water can get in. Now with every proxy I’ve talked about so far, there is a amount that you can pour. If you pour it any thicker than that, then you’re going to overheat the epoxy and you get a runaway process because most of the epoxy is, will cure faster when they get hotter and the faster they cure, the hotter they get, because there’s an exothermic reaction. So they’re going to be getting hotter and they’re going to cure faster.

They’re going to get hotter. And eventually you get a runaway with a boil up and they basically ruins the, uh, the epoxy for a structural purpose. So most of those are glues. They’re intended for connecting two pieces together or sealing a surface. They’re not intended for pouring a thickness, but if you ever want to do a river table or pour a void, or you have a large gap, you want to fill something larger than an eighth inch to a quarter inch, you’re going to want a thicker setting, a poxy, the dining room table that I did a year or so ago. I used this eco proxy and this stuff is fantastic. You can pour this three inches thick or more. Uh, it is incredibly clear. It is, it pours like water. It will work into any poor, which means you have to take things off perfectly with this.